EpiPens are synthetic versions of adrenaline, a hormone produced by our adrenal glands. By opening up airways, accelerating heartbeats, lowering blood pressure, and changing hives, this life-saving drug reverses the symptoms of allergic reactions quickly. In addition, it reduces swelling in the face, lips, and throat quickly.
Epinephrine is made from the amino acid tyrosine. The adrenal gland produces catecholamines, which include this hormone. Due to their synthesis, norepinephrine and dopamine are produced from tyrosine.
EpiPens, also known by its generic name as epinephrine, is a medication available by prescription only from Mylan. Despite EpiPen’s 1989 approval, epinephrine, its active ingredient, was synthesized in 1906.
When possible, it is best to avoid the allergy trigger that causes your severe allergic reaction. However, auto-injectable epinephrine like an EpiPen should be used to treat anaphylaxis if exposure occurs.
A variety of epinephrine products are available in pens that can be used by patients, parents, teachers, school nurses, and bystanders. An injection can be given through the clothing in the thigh.
Epinephrine is also available in EpiPen Jr’s.