Januvia (sitagliptin) is a medication taken once daily to help lower blood glucose (sugar) levels in adults with type 2 diabetes.
It works by regulating the insulin produced by the body after meals.
Januvia is prescribed a healthy diet, exercise weight control, and regular blood sugar testing to optimize glycemic control.
It is not known whether Januvia is safe and effective in children.
This medication should not be used by those with type 1 diabetes or experiencing diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in the blood or urine).
It is unknown if you have a high chance of developing pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) if you have had it in the past.
Januvia belongs to a class of drugs called dipeptidyl peptidase four inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors), which stabilize and manage blood glucose levels among patients with diabetes.
DPP-4 inhibitors slow the inactivation and degradation of the hormone GLP-1, which is responsible for removing glucose in the gut and improving glycemic control, and reducing fasting and postprandial (after meals) glucose levels without causing weight gain. It does not cause hypoglycemia unless combined with other treatments.