Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone made by the pancreas that helps our body use or stores the glucose (sugar) it gets from food. For people with diabetes, either the pancreas does not make enough insulin to meet the body’s requirements, or the body cannot correctly use the produced insulin. As a result, glucose cannot be used or stored properly and accumulates in the bloodstream. Insulin injected under the skin helps to lower blood glucose levels.
Your insulin dosage should be measured in international units (IU). Each ml contains 100 IU.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other drugs. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones given here, do not change how you are using the medication without consulting your doctor.
Novolin NPH is produced by recombinant DNA method using a combination of unique purification and S. cerevisiae (baker’s yeast). Structurally, it is identical to human insulin, which occurs naturally in the body.
There are many different types of insulin, and they are absorbed at various rates and work for varying periods. NPH is an intermediate-acting insulin. It takes 1 to 3 hours to begin working after injection, reaches its maximum effect between 5 and 8 hours, and stops working after about 18 to 24 hours.
It is essential to use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. The timing of insulin concerning your meals is crucial to keeping blood glucose under control and preventing unwanted side effects.
Novolin NPH should not be used by anyone who is allergic to NPH insulin or any of the medication’s ingredients, has a diabetic coma, or has low blood glucose (hypoglycemia).